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Two words to explain the difference between the vaccine (which generally requires only one administration or periodic administrations, such as every XNUMX years (as with the hepatitis B vaccine) and the antiviral drug (such as the cocktail for HIV-positive patients, who ingest molecules through daily pills that attack parts of the virus, to directly destroy it). The vaccine consists of the administration of molecules that mimick parts of the virus without being infectious, so that our immune system can develop a memory to recognize those parts (that particular type of antigen) when the virus comes back on the doorstep...this memory in some cases lasts all the life, in other cases (like hepatitis B) a decade or so. Once this immune memory has been developed in our body, the pathogen will have to deal with an extremely powerful arsenal of anti-viral mechanisms (orchestrated by our immune cells) that will kill it in no time (in fact, after we get vaccinated, if we get the flu, we get rid of it without even realizing it...our (memory) immune cells know what to do at that point). Another way to develop this memory is by letting ourselves to be infected — as we've done with lots of infections, with low mortality and low morbidity. The antiviral drug is a molecule that acts against the pathogen too, but it does so on its own — the basic problem of an antiviral is that it doesn't last forever, because everything we eat (the pills) is excreted from our body, in a few hours or few days — but there are also molecules that can float, once you put them into the circle, for quite a few days ...(or techniques that modern pharmacology has been studying for a decade or so, aimed to transform molecules with the objective of extending their permanence in the tissues after being administered, see above: nanotechnology therapy). Bibliography

Acute effects of exercise and calorie restriction on triglyceride metabolism in women.

Adherence to a Mediterranean diet and survival in a Greek population

Adherence to Mediterranean diet and anthropometric and metabolic parameter in an observational study in the 'Alto Molise' region: the MOLI-SAL project.

Adherence to the Mediterranean diet and risk of coronary heart disease in the Spanish EPIC Cohort Study.

Adherence to the Mediterranean diet and risk of metabolic syndrome and its components.

Adherence to the Mediterranean diet is associated with lower abdominal adiposity in European men and women.

Adherence to the traditional Mediterranean diet is inversely associated with body mass index and obesity in a Spanish population.

Adolescent obesity in Lebanese private schools.

Anti-inflammatory diets for obesity and diabetes.

Antioxidant and antibacterial activities of clove and cardamom extracts.

Apple phytochemicals and their health benefits.

Are current dietary habits in Mediterranean islands a reflection of the past? Results from the MEDIS study.

Aspects of ancient Greek trade re-evaluated with amphora DNA evidence.

Association between dietary patterns and the risk of metabolic syndrome among Lebanese adults.

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mipaaf createsMeddiet - The portal of the Mediterranean Diet "is a project of the University of Rome Unitelma Sapienza, made with ccontribution of the Ministry of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies - Ministerial Decree n. 93824 of 30 December 2014 and updated in 2018 in collaboration with CREA - Food and nutrition research center.

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