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Emblematic Communities

The Mediterranean diet, although a food, cultural and social element widely shared and practiced by peoples of different states overlooking the Mediterranean Sea, has a particular identity value in some communities, defined as "emblematic". Emblematic communities, as described in the UNESCO application file of the Mediterranean Diet, are those territorially defined social groups representative of the universal values ​​declared Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity and particularly responsible for the preservation and enhancement of the element. The emblematic communities are those communities that for historical, scientific or qualitative reasons take on particular importance in the national communities of the seven proposing States (Italy, Spain, Greece, Morocco, Portugal, Croatia and Cyprus), and which base substantial part of the their identity and their continuity in this collective and ancestral experience as the Mediterranean Diet, the result of continuous exchanges, experiences and symbolic traditions handed down from generation to generation, cultural and social mix and rich range of regional tones.

In recognizing the Mediterranean diet as an Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, UNESCO distinguished seven emblematic communities where “the Mediterranean diet is still alive, transmitted, protected, celebrated and recognized as part of the shared Intangible Cultural Heritage”. The list of the emblematic communities was made official by the Declaration of Chefchaouen, in which seven Mediterranean communities committed themselves to the future safeguarding and promotion of the element that characterizes and combines them in one collective. The communities Pollica and Cilento were nominated in Italy, locations in which American physiologist Ancel Benjamin Keys resided for many years to study, elaborate and demonstrate the hypothesis of his studies on the epidemiology of cardiovascular disease, which led him to formulate the hypothesis on the influence of lifestyle on such illnesses and the benefits of the application of the Mediterranean diet.

In addition to Pollica in the National Park of Cilento, Vallo di Diano and Monti Alburni in Italy, UNESCO also recognized Koroni in Greece, Soria in Spain, and Chefchaouen in Morocco, which then followed with the village Agros in Cyprus, Tavira in Portugal, and the islands Brač and Hvar in Croatia, in 2013.

Agros (Cyprus)

Village of about 800 inhabitants, Agros is located in the heart of the island of Cyprus, along the Troodos mountain range, in the Pitsilia region.

Brac and Hvar (Croatia)

Brač and Hvar are two islands in central Dalmatia and are the emblematic communities of the Croatian Mediterranean Diet.

Chefchaouen (Morocco)

The Moroccan community of the Mediterranean Diet is located in Chefchaouen, capital city of the homonymous province.

Cilento (Italy)

The emblematic Community of Cilento is located in the Campania Region, in the territory of the National Park of Cilento, Vallo di Diano and Monti Alburni. The community finds its center at the Municipality of Pollica.

Koroni (Greece)

Koroni is a city in southern Greece and constitutes the emblematic Hellenic community of the Mediterranean Diet.

Soria (Spain)

The emblematic Spanish community of the Mediterranean Diet is located in the northeast of the Iberian Peninsula.

Tavira (Portugal)

To the south of mainland Portugal, to the southwest of the Iberian Peninsula, lies the city of Tavira, an emblematic Lusitanian community of the Mediterranean Diet.

mipaaf createsMeddiet - The portal of the Mediterranean Diet "is a project of the University of Rome Unitelma Sapienza, made with cAttribute of the Ministry of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies - Ministerial Decree no. 93824 of 30 December 2014 and updated in 2018 in collaboration with CREA - Research Center for Food and Nutrition.

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